Friday, May 31, 2019

iraq :: essays research papers

iraqBackground Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of population War I in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen geezerhood, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of military strongmen ruled the country, the latest was ibn Talal Hussein Hussein. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait, but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwaits liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) require Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years resulted in the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Hussein regime. Coalition forces remain in Iraq, helping to restore degraded infrastructure and facilitating the system of a freely elected government, while simultaneously dealing with a robust insurgency. The Coalition Provisional Authority transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim government activity (IG) in June 2004 and the election of its president, Ghazi al-Ujayl al-YAWR, was held in January 2005,its capital is Baghdad.Climate Iraq is located in the Middle East ,bordering the Persian Gulf between Iran and Kuwait ,it is in the main desert. Mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers, the northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in untimely spring, sometimes causing floods. Its national disasters consists of dust storms, sandstorms, and most likely in spring, floods.